What is Permaculture?
Permaculture, or Permanent Agriculture, means the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems that have the diversity, stability and resilience of natural ecosystems. It is the harmonious integration of landscape and people, providing their food, energy, shelter, and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way. Without permanent agriculture there is no possibility of a stable social order.
The philosophy behind Permaculture is one of working with, rather than against nature, and the thoughtful observation rather than thoughtless action, of looking at systems in all their functions, and allowing systems to demonstrate their own evolutions.
Permaculture is a design system based on ethics and design principles which can be used to guide efforts made by individuals, households and communities towards a sustainable future.
The 12 Permaculture Principles
- Observe and interact
- Catch and Store Energy
- Obtain a yield
- Apply self regulation and accept feedback
- Use and value renewable resources and services
- Produce no waste
- Design from patterns to details
- Integrate rather than segregate
- Use small and slow solutions
- Use and value diversity
- Use edges and value the marginal
- Creatively use and respond to change